The Qutub Shahi Tombs were planned and built by numerous monarchs who ruled the city and the state during the 18th century. Lying two kilometers from the Golconda Fort, the Qutub Shahi Tombs are built to Persian, Hindu and Pathani styles of architecture. Located in the heart of Hyderabad, these tombs are a famous landmark in the city. Domed structures, terraced gardens, intricate parapets and exquisite ornamentation can all be found at one place. What's more, the Deccan Festival is held at the Qutub Shahi Tombs every year, presenting an opportunity for all those who want to witness the architectural and engineering marvels of the 18th century. Small and big sarcophagi can be found here, although only a few of them remain and are open to public now. These monuments are not only known for its splendid artistry and sprawling gardens, but is also known for the countless tombs of the last standing royals of Golconda. Scroll down for more information.
The tombs are in two large quadrangular enclosures, the first of which houses the mausoleums of Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah, Ibrahim Quli, Jamsheed Quli, Sultan Quli and Kulsoom begum, daughter of Muhammed Qutub Shah. In another quadrangle are the tombs of Muhammed Qutub Shah, Hayath Bakshi Begum, Taramathi and Premamathi (the favorite courtesans of Abdullah Qutub Shah). The largest of all Qutub Shahi Tombs is the tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, the fifth king of the Qutub Shahi dynasty. This tomb reaching up to a height of about 42 meters has 28 open arches, a large dome and minarets at its corners. The basement of the tomb is open with large pillars and spread with arches supporting the main structure. The tomb chamber is octagonal and the whole structure is crowned by a circular dome. There are three graves in this tomb chamber and 21 on the terrace outside. This tomb was built in 1543 AD.
The tombs were once furnished with carpets and chandeliers. Copies of Quran were kept on pedestals and readers recited verses from the holy book at regular intervals. Golden spires were fitted over the tombs of the sultans to distinguish their tombs from those of other members of the royal family. After the reign of reign of Qutub Shahis, the tombs were neglected, till Salar Jung III ordered their restoration in the early 19th century.