Khammam fort is a hill fortification occupying an area of 4 sq. km located on Stambhadri hill in the middle of the Khammam town. The fort holds historical significance not only for Khammam town, but also for the state of Telangana. The majestic fort represents the pride of past rulers atop a hill which represents a blend of various architectural styles. Khammam fort was believed to have been built by rulers of various dynasties at different times. The fort was constructed initially during the 12th century by the great Kakatiya rulers. The kings Velama and Musunuri Nayak were believed to have been involved in its construction and in the year 1531, the Qutub Shahi kings started developing the Khammam Fort.
Khammam town which was the seat of Taluk Administration was part of the larger Warangal District, till 1st October, 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (Now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district KHAMMAM with Khammam as District Headquarters.
The district was situated between 79° 47' and 80° 47'E, of the eastern longitudes and 16° 45' and 18° 35'N, of northern latitudes. The Boundaries of Khammam district are East Godavari district in the East, Warangal and Nalgonda districts in the West, Krishna district in the South and Madhya Pradesh State borders in the North directions. The district has population of 27,97,370 as per the 2011 census which accounts for 7.95% of the total population of the State with 8.47% decadal growth.