Punjab is situated in the north-west of India and is surrounded by Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Rajasthan and Pakistan in the west. Despite being one of the smallest states of the nation, Punjab excels in prosperity.
The word Punjab is derived from the two Persian words “Panj” which means “five” and “ab” means “water”, so the combined meaning of the Punjab is the land of five rivers namely - Indus, Ravi, Sutlej, Beas, and Jhelum that flow towards the southeast crossing the entire state. The land of Punjab is a land of prehistoric Indus Valley civilization where early settlement of the Aryan race took place on the fertile soil around 1500 BCE. Punjab is a land of exciting Indo-Aryans culture where Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, ancient Macedonians, Persians, Arabs, Turks, Mughals, Afghans, Balochis, Sikhs and British ruled and intermix with the local people. It was in 1947, Punjab was partitioned between India and Pakistan. Punjab shares its borders with Jammu and Kashmir on its north, Himachal Pardesh on its northeast and Pakistan on its west, Rajasthan on its southwest and Haryana on its southeast.